Paul's Sin

Whoever desires to found a state and give it laws,
must first start with assuming that all men are bad
and ever ready to display their vicious nature,
whenever they may find occasion for it.
-Niccolo Machiaveli


When Christians concern themselves with saving their souls, they don't quite know what it is, but they think it is something that lasts forever. The idea of a soul or spirit comes from the belief that consciousness and body are two different substances conjoined by divine will: Consciousness has no material substance; it sees, it feels, it thinks in some kind of invisible realm. And the body is a material object that eventually dies. This belief is called dualism, which holds that consciousness is an entity in its own right. Other ways of stating dualism: it is a person within a person or a ghost in a machine.

As perplexing as it may be, consciousness is simply an effect of neuron electrical impulses within the brain. It is an anatomical process which includes bodily senses. It is not a thing in itself; it is an integral part of the body, entirely 100% certifiably organic. Animals have consciousness too, but it is much more limited.

The human body is a self contained system like an automobile. And like an automobile it breathes air and is capable of energizing itself from fuel. Would anybody ever think of taking an engine apart to find its soul? Well it's the same thing with the brain.

It's the metaphors that confuse the issue. "Mind" is one of those metaphors. Conscious and subconscious mind imply two ethereal minds. Some metaphors parse human values as if they were competing entities. We do not have a good conscience and a bad conscience; it's one subjective conscience. The idea of free will also implies something beyond consciousness.

Again, all thoughts, memories and values come from one source, the brain. By any name, it lives for as long as our bodies hold up. Our behavior and personal values are guided by our reaction to our sensory inputs. They are not interjected into us by supernatural entities-which is another abstraction. I hate to be repetitious, but this is fallacy so ingrained in Christians today.

This belief in dualism carries into the concept of God as a conscious being. The Bible calls it his Spirit which has been modernized to "Intelligent Designer." This is especially far fetched: a being with an invisible mind contained in an invisible body. The pagan religions share this same goal of trying to gain favor from nature by personifying it. The fallacy of dualism is fatal to Christianity's singular purpose of saving souls.

I've heard Christians talk as if their destiny was being guided by God. It's as if they think of themselves as one of God's marionettes playing their part in one grand scheme. It is from this fallacy of dualism that they think that this way of thinking unites their spirit with God's Spirit. It is just plain impossible. Loosely speaking, the only thing that unites two non-existent entities is their non-existence.

Paul was Christianity's godfather of soul. In the passage below, he holds that if we set our minds on the flesh we will die, but if we set our minds on the Spirit we will live. Here again, he parses consciousness into mind and Spirit as if one was a temporary entity and the other an eternal entity. It's an extreme form of asceticism which holds that we can become spiritual beings by cutting off our bodily impulses.

5For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit set their minds on the things of the Spirit.
6To set the mind on the flesh is death, but to set the mind on the Spirit is life and peace.
7For the mind that is set on the flesh is hostile to God; it does not submit to God's law, indeed it cannot;
8and those who are in the flesh cannot please God. (Rom. 8:5-7)

According to Paul, both God and man have a spirit which knows their thoughts. In this he treats self awareness as something apart from the body.

10God has revealed to us through the Spirit. For the Spirit searches everything, even the depths of God.
11For what person knows a man's thoughts except the spirit of the man which is in him? So also no one comprehends the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God. (1 Cor. 2:8)

Therefore, he says, we must devote ourselves to prayer lest Satan tempt you through lack of self control. Generally, the idea is to distract yourself from temporal thoughts. It's a form of meditation. In effect, he treats values he doesn't sanction as synonymous with Satan's influence.

5Do not refuse one another except perhaps by agreement for a season, that you may devote yourselves to prayer; but then come together again, lest Satan tempt you through lack of self-control. (1 Cor. 7:5)

Through Jesus' character, these passages illustrate the importance gospel writers placed on their belief that life comes from one's spirit. Read them carefully.

5. "Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. (John 3:5)

63It is the spirit that gives life, the flesh is of no avail; the words that I have spoken to you are spirit and life. (John 6:63)

25He who loves his life loses it, and he who hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal life. (John 12:25)

28And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul; rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in hell. (Matt. 10:28)

Christianity has nothing to offer in terms of self preservation. Without our body, there is nothing to preserve. What it asks of believers is inhuman. What it promises is nonexistent.

Sin Defined

In general, sin can be defined as a moral failure towards one's fellow man or any offense towards God. Torah law defined sins against man and God. The OT held that all souls went to one place called Hades. There was no concept of a conscious afterlife, so penalties were prescribed on the human level. (See Lev. 26:14 ff. and Deut. 28:15 ff.)

With Paul, sin took on a new definition. He was such an extreme pessimist that beyond the basics of eating and defecating, he saw desires and carnal passions as symptoms of the devil's presence. This is how we are to understand Paul, as a connoisseur of misery. (See Beatitudes for the Jesus version)

3More than that, we rejoice in our sufferings, knowing that suffering produces endurance,
4and endurance produces character, and character produces hope, (Rom. 5:3-4)

For eating the forbidden fruit, Eve was condemned to pain in child bearing and servitude to her husband, and Adam was sentenced to hard labor for the rest of his life. From this homily, the woman was accused of being a temptress and the man a serial killer. Yes, says Paul, Adam's trespass brought death to the human race. (See The Farce of Adam's Sin and Adam and Eve)

The idea of free will comes from the first chapter in Genesis. When man was created in the image of God, it meant he was to have intelligence and freedom of will like his maker. Of course God regretted it within days, but that is another story.

26Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth."
27So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. (Gen. 1:26-27)

There are no referenced sources in the canonized OT, but two passages can be found in the Apocrypha.

God created man in his image to live forever. He was incorruptible until the envious devil entered the world. -It identifies the serpent in the story with the devil.

23for god created man for incorruption, and made him in the image of his own eternity,
24but through the devil's envy death entered into the world. (Wisdom of Solomon 2:23-24)

Eve's sin involved man in the loss of immortality.

24From a woman sin had its beginning, and because of her all will die. (Sirach 25:24)

In Paul's mind, humans are subject to fleshly desires beyond their control that cause them to sin. Even he found it difficult to overcome his fleshly desires to do what is right. In his time there was no understanding of biology.

15I do not understand my own actions. For I do not do what I want, but I do the very thing I hate.
16Now if I do what I do not want, I agree that the law is good.
17So then it is no longer I that do it, but sin which dwells within me.
18For I know that nothing good dwells within me, that is, in my flesh. I can will what is right, but I cannot do it.
19For I do not do the good I want, but the evil I do not want is what I do.
20Now if I do what I do not want, it is no longer I that do it, but sin which dwells within me. (Rom. 7:15-20)

So when he says Adam and Eve sinned, his definition of sin was a combination of their disregarding God's command and giving in to physical temptation by eating the forbidden fruit.

The passages from Romans 5:12-21 stand out on this subject.

V12. Because the first man sinned, all men sinned. Since sin is the cause of death, all men must die.

12Therefore as sin came into the world through one man and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all men sinned  (Rom. 5:12)

This is known as the fallacy of composition: what is true of the part must be true of the whole. The actions of one man do not provide grounds to condemn an entire group. Why did God do it?

Paul's reasoned that God did it so he may have mercy upon all. Let's digest this: God consigned all men to disobedience so he had an excuse to be merciful.

               32For God has consigned all men to disobedience, that he may have mercy upon all. (Rom. 11:32)

Was the first sin the cause of all human deaths? Not according to Genesis. Man came from the ground and shall return to the ground.

19In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; you are dust, and to dust you shall return." (Gen. 3:19)

How did Paul finagle a conclusion that sin causes death? Perhaps he decided that the  man would have had a chance to sneak a bite from the tree of life if he wasn't chased out of Eden.

22Then the LORD God said, "Behold, the man has become like one of us, knowing good and evil; and now, lest he put forth his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever" (Gen. 3:22)

Or perhaps he saw passages like Lamentations as a way to justify himself. It doesn't say that iniquities cause death, but an imaginative mind could read into it that it does.

7Our fathers sinned, and are no more; and we bear their iniquities. (Lam. 5:7)

His motive for finding a new definition of sin fit with his quest to demonstrate that death befalls all those who do not believe in Christ. It also helped him recruit Gentiles who were not beholden to Torah law which will be discussed below.

V13-14. Sin was in the world before the law, but it didn't count then. Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even for the one to come whose sins were not like Adam's transgression.

13sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law.
14Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sins were not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come. (Rom. 5:13-14)

Verse 13 is garbled. Why would sin not count before there was no law? Paul made it count big time with regard to Adam. God counted sins when he decided to flood the world. What about Sodom and Gomorrah?

 In the passage below he claims God subjected creation to futility in order to have hope. Thank you God.

20for the creation was subjected to futility, not of its own will but by the will of him who subjected it in hope; (Rom. 8:20)

The new has come after the old passed away. Therefore, whoever is in Christ is a new creation.

17Therefore, if any one is in Christ, he is a new creation; the old has passed away, behold, the new has come. (2 Cor. 5:17)

Adding this up, if God subjected creation to futility, it means that God purposively set up the old Adam to sin so he would have an excuse to pick and choose who he wanted to save through the new Adam. For this, Christians are supposed to grateful for hope.

Paul confirms that God picks on whom he will be merciful and whom he hardens.

18So then he has mercy upon whomever he wills, and he hardens the heart of whomever he wills. (Rom. 9:18)

So when he tells us that a hardening came upon Israel until a full number of Gentiles came in, we know why.

25Lest you be wise in your own conceits, I want you to understand this mystery, brethren: a hardening has come upon part of Israel, until the full number of the Gentiles come in, (Rom. 11:25)

If sin is supposed to be the cause of death, wouldn't Jesus be a sinner? Especially, as he maintains below that authorities are servants of God executing his wrath on the wrongdoer.

4for he is God's servant for your good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for he does not bear the sword in vain; he is the servant of God to execute his wrath on the wrongdoer. (Rom. 13:4)

V15-16. While many have died because of one man's trespass, many more have the grace of God as a free gift through Jesus Christ. The judgment of Adam brought condemnation while the free gift from Christ brings justification.

15But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man's trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift in the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many.
16And the free gift is not like the effect of that one man's sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brings justification. (Rom. 5:15-16)

Be reminded that this free gift comes from the promise of one man who claims to be graced by God. Paul makes is sound like God is giving it away like candy, while Jesus says the gate is narrow and hard to find; few find it.

13"Enter by the narrow gate; for the gate is wide and the way is easy, that leads to destruction, and those who enter by it are many.
14For the gate is narrow and the way is hard, that leads to life, and those who find it are few.(Matt. 7:13:14)

V17-18. Because of Adam's trespass death reigned through him. Because of Christ, more will receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of life. Therefore, as one man's trespass led to the condemnation of all men, one man's act of righteousness led to the acquittal and life of all men. As one man's disobedience made many sinners; by one man's obedience, many will be made righteous.

17If, because of one man's trespass, death reigned through that one man,much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.
18Then as one man's trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one man's act of righteousness leads to acquittal and life for all men.
19For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by one man's obedience many will be made righteous.(Rom. 5:17-19)

This would imply that all the heroes in the Old Testament were sinners deserving death: Enoch, Abraham, Noah, Moses, Elijah, Elisha, Samuel, the prophets and the scribes who wrote the OT, to name a few. We could also add the billions of those who never heard of Christ. He is actually undermining Hebrew Scripture from which he depends on so heavily.

V19-21. When the law came in, it increased the trespass; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more. So as sin causes death, grace reigns through righteousness to eternal life through Christ.

20Law came in, to increase the trespass; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more,
21so that, as sin reigned in death, grace also might reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. (Rom. 5:19-21)

How the law increases sin will be clarified later. What he is going to say is that knowledge of law increases sin by increasing one's consciousness of the things which the law prohibits. If this doesn't make sense, it is because it doesn't.

From the man who glorified ignorance and disparaged wisdom, (See Paul's Character) he threatened condemnation for those who doubt. Whatever does not proceed from faith is sin, he said.

23But he who has doubts is condemned, if he eats, because he does not act from faith; for whatever does not proceed from faith is sin. (Rom. 14:3)

After this exercise it should be clear why unquestioned faith is so important to the fortunes of the Christian Church. Who could imagine that this garbage stems from the warped imagination of one man with a fatal conceit? Words have magic power to him. It doesn't seem possible, but it gets worse.

Torah Law

1. A man is justified by faith apart from works of the law. -This is at the heart of his preaching. What remains to be seen is how extreme he carries it.

28For we hold that a man is justified by faith apart from works of law. (Rom. 3:28)

2. It is only through faith that the righteous shall live. The law does not rest on faith, so it is a curse to those who relied on it. The second half of verse 10 is either garbled or it contradicts itself: One is cursed by not abiding and abiding in the law? (The confusion can be found in the King James but was removed in the New International Version by divine inspiration. It's still doubletalk.)

10For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, "Cursed be every one who does not abide by all things written in the book of the law, and do them."
11Now it is evident that no man is justified before God by the law; for "He who through faith is righteous shall live";
12but the law does not rest on faith, for "He who does them shall live by them." (Gal. 3:10-12)

The passage he quotes from says those who do not conform to the law will be cursed. Paul argues that if they conform to the law they will be cursed. You're damned if you do and damned if you don't.

"'Cursed be he who does not confirm the words of this law by doing them.' And all the people shall say, 'Amen.' (Deut. 27:26)

3. The law is not against the promises of God. It is just that the law did not provide a way to make us alive. If it did, we would be made righteous by the law.

21Is the law then against the promises of God? Certainly not; for if a law had been given which could make alive, then righteousness would indeed be by the law.
22But the scripture consigned all things to sin, that what was promised to faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe. (Gal. 3:21-22)

The flip side is that because the law does not make us alive, it is a curse.

4. The law is not sin; it is holy, just and good. If it was not for the law, he should not have known sin. Where the law said don't covet, he found himself coveting. When he didn't know the law, he was alive. But once he knew the law, sin revived and he died.

7What then shall we say? That the law is sin? By no means! Yet, if it had not been for the law, I should not have known sin. I should not have known what it is to covet if the law had not said, "You shall not covet."
8But sin, finding opportunity in the commandment, wrought in me all kinds of covetousness. Apart from the law sin lies dead.
9I was once alive apart from the law, but when the commandment came, sin revived and I died;
10the very commandment which promised life proved to be death to me.
11For sin, finding opportunity in the commandment, deceived me and by it killed me.
12So the law is holy, and the commandment is holy and just and good. (Rom. 7:7)

Paul is hard to understand because he goes beyond reasonable bounds of common sense. He is saying that the more ignorant he is of worldly things, the more spiritually alive he his. When the law reminds him not to covet, it makes him conscious of it and therefore sinful. Feelings that modern people usually take for granted, he finds them sinful.

Another passage helps to understand where he is coming from. He argued that the teachers violated the laws they taught. It was because of them that God's name was blasphemed among the Gentiles.

21you then who teach others, will you not teach yourself? While you preach against stealing, do you steal?
22You who say that one must not commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples?
23You who boast in the law, do you dishonor God by breaking the law?
24For, as it is written, "The name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you." (Rom. 2:21-24)

His source passage from Isaiah relates to the Babylonian Exile when the Jews were under the rule of pagans who would of course despise Yahweh's name.

5Now therefore what have I here, says the LORD, seeing that my people are taken away for nothing? Their rulers wail, says the LORD, and continually all the day my name is despised. (Isaiah 52:5)

Another source passage from Ezekiel accuses the Jews of profaning his name. This wasn't the fault of the law. To fault the law would be to fault Yahweh.

22"Therefore say to the house of Israel, Thus says the Lord GOD: It is not for your sake, O house of Israel, that I am about to act, but for the sake of my holy name, which you have profaned among the nations to which you came. (Ezek. 36:22)

To put this together, he is blaming the law for Jewish unrighteousness.

Throughout Matthew 23, Jesus scolds the teachers for hypocrisy. The full chapter is well worth reading because it came from Paul's thinking.

2"The scribes and the Pharisees sit on Moses' seat;
3so practice and observe whatever they tell you, but not what they do; for they preach, but do not practice. (Matt. 23:2-3)

5. It wasn't enough to obey the letter of the law; one had to obey the spirit of the law. It was in this context that Paul held the law to be obsolete. If we just obey the law, it will kill us. The new covenant comes from the Spirit which gives life.

5.our competence is from God,
6who has made us competent to be ministers of a new covenant, not in a written code but in the Spirit; for the written code kills, but the Spirit gives life. (2 Cor. 3:5-6)

Let's think about that. By Yahweh's giving the Jews a written code of conduct, he gave them a prescription that would kill them.

The gospels mirror the same attitude. Jesus is made to say that he did not come to abolish the law and the prophets; he came to fulfill them. Unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven.

17"Think not that I have come to abolish the law and the prophets; I have come not to abolish them but to fulfill them.
18For truly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the law until all is accomplished.
19Whoever then relaxes one of the least of these commandments and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but he who does them and teaches them shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
20For I tell you, unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven. (Matt. 5:17-20)

Yahweh told Moses that his people should fear him and keep his commandments.

28"And the LORD heard your words, when you spoke to me; and the LORD said to me, 'I have heard the words of this people, which they have spoken to you; they have rightly said all that they have spoken.
29Oh that they had such a mind as this always, to fear me and to keep all my commandments, that it might go well with them and with their children for ever! (Deut. 5:28-29)

How could they fear him and disregard the spirit of the law if they didn't have faith in him?

6. To love your neighbor is to fulfill the law.

8Owe no one anything, except to love one another; for he who loves his neighbor has fulfilled the law.
9The commandments, "You shall not commit adultery, You shall not kill, You shall not steal, You shall not covet," and any other commandment, are summed up in this sentence, "You shall love your neighbor as yourself."
10Love does no wrong to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfilling of the law. (Rom. 13:8-10)

Love has spiritual powers. -Romantic love would offend him as a sin of the flesh.

4Love is patient and kind; love is not jealous or boastful;
5it is not arrogant or rude. Love does not insist on its own way; it is not irritable or resentful;
6it does not rejoice at wrong, but rejoices in the right.
7Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. (1 Cor. 13:4)

Moses also told his people to love God and keep the commandments always.

1"You shall therefore love the LORD your God, and keep his charge, his statutes, his ordinances, and his commandments always. (Deut. 11:1)

By Paul, the catch is that unless one loves Christ, one cannot live.

14For the love of Christ controls us, because we are convinced that one has died for all; therefore all have died.
15And he died for all, that those who live might live no longer for themselves but for him who for their sake died and was raised. (2 Cor. 5:14-15)

It's actually a catch-22. The Jews could not love Christ because he wasn't around then. For that, they were condemned to unrighteousness? But wait! The idea of a triune God was developed centuries later. By that logic, they did love Christ who gave them the law.

7. The law was a temporary fix until Christ came. -He meant the second coming.

23Now before faith came, we were confined under the law, kept under restraint until faith should be revealed.
24So that the law was our custodian until Christ came, that we might be justified by faith.
25But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a custodian; (Gal. 3:23-25)

 Of course, Paul was selective. We have it from Yahweh through Moses that the law was forever. The Jews of Paul's time held the law as model of behavior for those accepted into the kingdom of God. Indirectly it would be obsolete because it wouldn't have to be enforced.

40Therefore you shall keep his statutes and his commandments, which I command you this day, that it may go well with you, and with your children after you, and that you may prolong your days in the land which the LORD your God gives you for ever." (Deut. 4:40)

8. It was ordained by angels through an intermediary (Moses?) as a standard of right behavior until the Messiah comes. The law was added because of Jewish transgressions until the offspring would come to whom the promise was made.

19Why then the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the offspring should come to whom the promise had been made; and it was ordained by angels through an intermediary.
20Now an intermediary implies more than one; but God is one. (Gal. 3:19-20)

Angels gave Moses the law? The man was a congenital liar. The Israelites were just freed from Egypt; they weren't charged with any sin. That the law was given to Moses by Yahweh himself is expressed unambiguously at the prelude to the Ten Commandments and everywhere following.

1And God spoke all these words, saying,
2"I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. (Ex. 20:1-2)

9. Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us; for it is written that everyone who hangs on a tree is cursed. -In other words, Christ's crucifixion nullified the Torah.

13Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us-for it is written, "Cursed be every one who hangs on a tree" (Gal. 3:13)

Could he mean that Christ acted like a lightening rod, absorbing the entire curse himself? Does he assume that the divine Christ can't sin, no matter what he says or does? Doesn't it make God appear horribly unjust to curse an innocent victim? Isn't it blasphemous to argue that God cursed Christ? Would a triune God curse himself?

To look at the scriptural source of the passage he quotes from, it would appear that God curses hanged (or crucified) men. But the surrounding passages give instructions for burying the man on the same day.

22"And if a man has committed a crime punishable by death and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree,
23his body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but you shall bury him the same day, for a hanged man is accursed by God; you shall not defile your land which the LORD your God gives you for an inheritance. (Deut. 21:22-23)

The Jewish Tanakh gives a proper rendering: "For an impaled body is an affront to God." In other words, the burden is on the executioners to bury the man on the same day, otherwise they will be cursed. It was from Paul's reverse logic where the idea came from that Christ died to atone for the sins of the world.

10. Once Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law, it's a new era. We are no longer captivated by our sinful sexual passions aroused by the law that brought us death. Now we can look forward to a new life of the Spirit.

5While we were living in the flesh, our sinful passions, aroused by the law, were at work in our members to bear fruit for death.
6But now we are discharged from the law, dead to that which held us captive, so that we serve not under the old written code but in the new life of the Spirit. (Rom. 7:5-6)

In his own experience he found his sexual urges to be at war with his mind, making him captive to the law of sin which dwells in his members. This was because he believed mind and body were two separate entities. Morning erections must have horrified him.

23but I see in my members another law at war with the law of my mind and making me captive to the law of sin which dwells in my members. (Rom. 7:23)

Let's not forget when God created man and woman before they "sinned," God blessed them and told them to be fruitful and multiply.

28And God blessed them, and God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the air and over every living thing that moves upon the earth." (Gen. 1:28)

11. Once Paul annulled the Torah by fiat, deceit, sophistry and magic, there was no need for Gentiles to get circumcised, eat special food, worship in synagogues or practice any of the other Jewish traditions. Through faith in Christ, they could receive the blessing of Abraham and the promise of the Spirit.

14that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might come upon the Gentiles, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. (Gal. 3:14)

With more deceit, fiat, sophistry and magic: The blessing was promised because of Abraham's faith and righteousness. Therefore through faith men are sons of Abraham.

6Thus Abraham "believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness."
7So you see that it is men of faith who are the sons of Abraham.
8And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, "In you shall all the nations be blessed."
9So then, those who are men of faith are blessed with Abraham who had faith. (Gal. 3:6-9)

According to his Scripture, the promise was made to Abraham and his offspring, not to his (plural) offsprings. Because it refers to one, that one would be Christ. The law, which came 430 years after Abraham's covenant with God, does not annul a covenant previously ratified by God.

15To give a human example, brethren: no one annuls even a man's will, or adds to it, once it has been ratified.
Now the promises were made to Abraham and to his offspring. It does not say, "And to offsprings," referring to many; but, referring to one, "And to your offspring," which is Christ.
17This is what I mean: the law, which came four hundred and thirty years afterward, does not annul a covenant previously ratified by God, so as to make the promise void.
18For if the inheritance is by the law, it is no longer by promise; but God gave it to Abraham by a promise. (Gal. 3:15-18)

According to my dictionary, "offspring" could be singular or plural.

According to my Bible, his revelation comes from Genesis 12:7, in which God promises the land to his descendants. What the hell does this have to do with Christ?

7Then the LORD appeared to Abram, and said, "To your descendants I will give this land." (Gen. 12:7)

This would explain why Matthew starts Jesus' genealogy from Abraham. Luke's genealogy starts with Adam because his emphasis was probably on the first sin. (See Jesus Genealogy.) The book of John mirrors Paul's thinking on Abraham which displaces Jews with Jesus.

39They answered him, "Abraham is our father." Jesus said to them, "If you were Abraham's children, you would do what Abraham did, (John 8:39)

58. "Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am." (John 8:58)

Did Abraham go to heaven? Since he didn't know Christ, he couldn't. So while Paul holds Abraham as an ideal, his righteousness wasn't enough. Conversely, Matthew has Jesus saying Abraham and his descendants are in heaven.

11I tell you, many will come from east and west and sit at table with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven, (Matt. 8:11)

So then it is possible to go to heaven without believing in Christ. This can go in enough circles to make anyone dizzy.

Final thought

There are no special words or beliefs; there is no magic that can alter the laws of nature.
Humans came in to existence by the laws of nature.
They live off of the energy supplied by nature.
And they will cease to exist by the laws of nature.
If you want immortality, have children.

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