The seven Days of CREATION

I believe things in the Bible because they are absurd
I believe them because they are impossible
St. Augustine "Book of Sermons" p33

If it is not present, this page comes with a Table of Contents

Allegory is a way of explaining ideas by presenting them symbolically. If it looks like allegory and it sounds like allegory and it acts like allegory, it is allegory. Certainly it is not science in any sense of the word. Its only value it has is to show us how ignorant they were 2,500 years ago. Sadly, there are too many people who are afraid to question their faith, so they accept this rubbish as truth.

Summary-Gen. 1:3-2:4a

1. Day one: God made light so there could be day and night. Evening and morning define one day.

2. Day two: God made the firmament and separated the waters in two. He called the firmament, "heaven."

3. Day three: God made dry land appear on the lower waters. He gathered the lower waters into the seas and made vegetation.

4. Day four: God put lights in the firmament. He made the sun to rule day and the moon to rule the night, and the stars also. The greater light rules the day and the lesser light rules the night.

5. Day five: God made sea life and birds from the waters.

6. Day six: God made land animals from earth. He made man in "our" image and woman. He blessed them and told them to be fruitful and multiply and gave them dominion over all living creatures.

7. Day seven: With his work finished, God pronounced the seventh day holy and rested.

8. God's first set of Ten Commands were issued at the time of creation. They can be counted by the phrase "God said."

Is this what God revealed to Moses? Or is it a declaration of ignorance? The evidence is overwhelmingly on the side of ignorance and superstition.

Day 1-Gen. 1:3-5

Command 1: Let there be light.

When God saw the light was good, he separated the light from the darkness. He called the light: Day; and the darkness: Light. Evening and morning define one day.

3And God said, "Let there be light"; and there was light.
4And God saw that the light was good; and God separated the light from the darkness.
5God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day.  (Gen.1:3-5)

1.   Gen. 1:3 picks up from the void left in Gen. 1:2a-"and darkness was upon the face of the deep." Light symbolizes the second spiritual element: fire. God's airy spirit gives life to his power and authority through fire. Fire bridges the chasm between the spiritual and material universe. It represents visual communication.

2.   If there was no light before creation, it means God spent an eternity in darkness.

3.  Once God's spirit and his power and authority are in place, the material creation begins. At this point, there is one light to symbolize the one God above all other gods.

4.   Because Creation began with darkness, a day according to Jewish tradition, always begins in the evening.

5.   The theme of a talking God is common to the pagan mythologies. Technically, it's called animism.

6.   God in the singular is substituted for the plural term Elohim in the Hebrew translations. Thus there was more than one God according to the ancient Hebrews. Before Yahweh, the Hebrews worshipped the Canaanite gods, the male Baal and the female, Ashtoreth.

7.   Absurdity: Light from sun and stars wasn't created until the fourth day in verse 16. The light described here is a mystical light.

8.   The writer did not know that daylight and moonlight come from the sun. The mention of separation suggests that they believed that light was a material which could be cut into two different lights-daylight and nightlight. Planetary motion was unheard of. They did not know that darkness results from the absence of light.

9. Probably, the separation was personified as good and evil. Throughout the bible, darkness is associated with evil.

10.   In normal language, an evening and a morning define a 24 hour day. In astrological language a day can define a thousand years. (See "How Long is a Day?) If a day is not a 24 hour period, then how long should Jews rest on the Sabbath? The sentence, "And there was evening and there was morning, one day," explains why a Jewish day begins in the evening.

Day 2-Gen. 1:6-8

Command 2: Let there be a firmament to separate the waters.

God separated the waters under the firmament from the waters above, and called the firmament Heaven.

6And God said, "Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters."
7And God made the firmament and separated the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament. And it was so.
8And God called the firmament Heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day. (Gen.1:6-8)

1.The firmament is what ancients imagined as a thin material wall separating them from the heavenly waters. Possibly because the sky is blue, it looks as if it is full of water. When it rains, it appears as if to be leaking water. See What is a Firmament.

2.Some of the newer Bible versions substitute expanse for firmament. Expanse suggests something not physical. But that term is misleading. The idea of stars and planets suspended in space was beyond ancient comprehension. To them, the firmament contained water and housed the gods.

3.On this day, heaven was void of planetary bodies. Realistically, such a condition is utterly impossible.

Day 3-Gen. 1:9-13

Command 3: Gather the waters under the heavens and let dry land appear.

He called the dry land: Earth, and the waters: Seas.

9And God said, "Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear." And it was so.
10God called the dry land Earth, and the waters that were gathered together he called Seas. And God saw that it was good. (Gen. 1:9-10)

1.Absurdity: Asserts earth appeared magically out of water and floats on water.

2.According to geological and astronomical science, earth evolved well after the sun, not before it. The sun is about 5 billion years old, earth about 4.5 billion years.

3.Peter says earth was formed out of water. He is alleged to be the Catholic Church's first pope.

5They deliberately ignore this fact, that by the word of God heavens existed long ago, and an earth formed out of water and by means of water, (2 Peter 3:5)

Command 4: Let earth produce vegetation, yielding seed according to its kind.

Earth produced vegetation. The plants yielded seed according to their kind and fruit trees yielded seed in their fruit according to their kind.

11And God said, "Let the earth put forth vegetation, plants yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit in which is their seed, each according to its kind, upon the earth." And it was so.
12The earth brought forth vegetation, plants yielding seed according to their own kinds, and trees bearing fruit in which is their seed, each according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
13And there was evening and there was morning, a third day. (Gen. 1:11-13)

1.   Absurdity: Implies plant life can grow without sun, and that plants came first before their seeds.

2.   Absurdity: According to verse ten above, Earth was dry, meaning vegetation can grow without water.

3.   Absurdity: Asserts life began on dry land when it is known to have begun in the seas because of the necessity for water.

4.   Absurdity: If God didn't command vegetation to produce seeds according to their kind, would they produce other kinds? Say, like cherry seeds yielding corn?

5.   Contradiction: Gen. 2:7 says Lord God made man the first living creature.

6.   The phrase, 'each according to its kind' lies at the heart of the evolution-creation controversy. It means that every living being was created in its final form. It's in flat denial of any possible chance of biological evolution despite the overwhelming evidence to the contrary.

Day 4-Gen. 1:14-19

Command 5: Let there be lights in the firmament to separate the day from the night. Let them light earth, and give signs and seasons to mark the days and years.

He made the sun to rule the day and the moon to rule the night. The stars provided background. He set them in the firmament to light earth and to separate the light from the darkness.

14And God said, "Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to separate the day from the night; and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and years,
15and let them be lights in the firmament of the heavens to give light upon the earth." And it was so.
16And God made the two great lights, the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night; he made the stars also.
17And God set them in the firmament of the heavens to give light upon the earth,
18to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good.
19And there was evening and there was morning, a fourth day. (Gen.1:14-19)

1.   The lights are described as being set in the firmament like ceiling fixtures. They could not conceive how large the sun, moon and stars really are.

2.   Heavenly lights moved and turned on and off according to the days, seasons and years because earth was thought to be stationary

3.   The positions of heavenly bodies were the "signs" they looked for. Suggests they attached an importance to astrological prediction.

4.   The lights ruled over the day and night. Suggests that the sun and the moon were ruling influences; used in the astrological sense and not the poetic sense. "Rule" comes from the Hebrew, memshalah, meaning dominion, government, and power to rule.

8the sun to rule over the day, for his steadfast love endures for ever;
9the moon and stars to rule over the night, for his steadfast love endures for ever; (Psalm 136:8-9)

5.   Absurdity: On the first day, he separated light from darkness. On the fourth day he made the sun and moon to separate light from darkness again. Suggests some incoherent ideas about the nature of light.

6.   The distances of the 200 most visible stars range from 4.4 to 3400 light years from earth. That's the time span it would take for their light to be visible. The very visible Milky Way galaxy is 30,000 light years away. The Andromeda galaxy was well known to ancients; its distance is 2.2 million light years away. The oldest observed stars have been seen at 14 billion light years away. If the universe had a beginning-and that is a big if-it is at least 14 billion years old. Even the Big Bang theory doesn't assert the Universe came from nothing.

7.   Because thee stars are so far away, it would take as many years for their light to reach earth. Creationists are convinced that God stretched the light in the same instant. By this logic, God can do anything within their imagination.

8.   It is currently estimated that there are at least 1 X 1022 (1 followed by 22 zeros) stars in the Universe. The phrase, "he made the stars also," suggests star formation was one of God's minor miracles.

Day 5-Gen. 1:20-23

Command 6: Let the waters bring forth sea creatures and birds.

Sea monsters, sea creatures and birds were created according to their kind.

20And God said, "Let the waters bring forth swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the firmament of the heavens."
21So God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarm, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. (Gen.1:20-21)

1.   Asserts sea life and birds were magically created from water.

2.   Asserts incorrectly that sea life appeared after plant life (on the third day).

3.   Asserts incorrectly that sea life and birds appeared at the same time. Birds appeared much later.

4.   Contradiction: Gen. 2:19 says God brought birds from out of the ground. No mention of sea life.

Command 6a: Be fruitful and multiply.

He blessed them and said to be fruitful and multiply.

22And God blessed them, saying, "Be fruitful and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth."
23And there was evening and there was morning, a fifth day. (Gen.1:22-23)

1.   It is debatable about whether this qualifies as a command. Some mystics don't consider this a creation command because it is missing the words "God said."

2.   Probably, another reason why mystics don't count this as a command, because it would mean that animals are perfectly righteous in obeying God. It goes back to the logic of words having magic powers.

3.   Many living creatures which God blessed and called good, survive by killing and eating other living creatures. Many animals have become extinct over the ages.

Day 6-Gen. 1:24-31

Command 7: Let earth bring forth land animals according to their kinds.

Created domestic animals, reptiles and beasts from earth.

24And God said, "Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to their kinds: cattle and creeping things and beasts of the earth according to their kinds." And it was so.
25And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds and the cattle according to their kinds, and everything that creeps upon the ground according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. (Gen.1:24-25)

1.   Cold blooded reptiles did not appear at the same time as warm blooded animals; they appeared long before.

2.   Many living creatures which God blessed and called good, survive by killing and eating other living creatures. In raw nature there is no such thing as good and evil. Animals do not have such values.

Command 8. Make man in our image after our likeness; and give him dominion over all the fish in the sea, birds in the air, and animals on earth.

God created man in his image; both male and female.

26Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth."
27So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. (Gen.1:26-27)

1.   The phrase, "Let us make man in our image," comes about because the Hebrew editions used the plural form of God: Elohim. Bible revisionists changed it to the singular, "God." This rendition of creation has polytheistic pagan origins.

2.   Joshua tell us that before the time of Abraham, the Hebrews worshipped other gods.

2And Joshua said to all the people, "Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, 'Your fathers lived of old beyond the Euphrates, Terah, the father of Abraham and of Nahor; and they served other gods. (Joshua 24:2)

3.   Who were these gods who made man and woman in our mage? Most likely they were the male God Baal and the female, Ashtoreth. Both were Canaanite gods. Yahweh didn't enter into Hebrew society until Abraham introduced him. During the Exodus, Moses was constantly punishing the Israelites for worshiping Baal and Ashtoreth.

4.   Contradiction: Moses is given credit by Bible believers for introducing monotheism and opposing polytheism. He is also given credit for writing this polytheistic passage.

5.   In verse 27, God switches to the singular forms-his and he. For one God to make male and female, he would have to be hermaphroditic, or what is commonly known as transsexual.

6.   Surprise! The Hebrew word for man is adam [small a]. In Genesis 2, the translators took liberty to dub adam, Adam, in order to mislead readers into thinking he was an historical person. In essence, Adam, whether capitalized or not, means the man.

7.   In his infinite wisdom he also gave mankind pain, suffering, ignorance, poverty, pestilence and war. It has been up to man to create a civilization out of God's creation.

8.   Contradiction: The man who God created here has nothing do with the man who God created in Gen. 2.7. This man was created in God's image, the other man was made from dust.

9.   Notice, God did not make woman in his image.

10.   Contradiction: Woman in Gen. 2:21-23 was made from man's rib.

Command 9: He blessed them and said to be fruitful and multiply, fill the earth and subdue it. Have dominion over the fish of the sea, birds in the air and anything that moves on earth.

28And God blessed them, and God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the air and over every living thing that moves upon the earth." (Gen.1:28)

1.   The dominion which man exerts over other animals is of the predatory type.

2.   Only a handful of animals have ever been domesticated. The rest do not accept human domination.

Command 10: He gives man, beast, bird and reptile, and whatever else breathes, every green plant for food.

29And God said, "Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit; you shall have them for food.
30And to every beast of the earth, and to every bird of the air, and to everything that creeps on the earth, everything that has the breath of life, I have given every green plant for food." And it was so.
31And God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, a sixth day. (Gen.1:29-31)

1.   Asserts all animals, including humans, are herbivores.

2.   Contradiction: According to Gen. 2:17, God did not make every green plant good for food. The tree of knowledge of good and evil will bring death on the day it is eaten.

3.   The Bible retreats from its strict vegetarianism. In the Cain and Able story, Gen. 4:1-17. God favored Able, who sacrificed his sheep over Cain who sacrificed his crops; so Cain killed him.

Day 7-Gen. 2:1-4a

With his work finished, God made the seventh day holy and rested.

1Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.
2And on the seventh day God finished his work which he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done.
3So God blessed the seventh day and hallowed it, because on it God rested from all his work which he had done in creation.
4These are the generations of the heavens and the earth when they were created.  (Gen.2:1-4a)

1.   God gets tired? God works? God rests? These are all the attributes of a God in human form, not the omnipotent, omnipresent and omniscience God portrayed today. What if God didn't rest? Would he have died from exhaustion? If he can take time out for rest, then it means the universe can function without him. Or perhaps this bit of myth was inserted to justify the Hebrew tradition of reserving one day a week from work.

2.   Contradiction: According to Deut. 5:14-15, God made the seventh day the Sabbath to commemorate the time when he freed the Jews from slavery in Egypt.

3.   The term, host, is commonly interpreted as angels. Angels, of course, are known as God's messengers. Looking at this astrologically, astrologers get their messages by the positions of the stars in the heavens. The word angel looks awfully close to angle, denoting the position of the stars.

1Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.

Astral worship was practiced by the Israelites.

2and they shall be spread before the sun and the moon and all the host of heaven, which they have loved and served, which they have gone after, and which they have sought and worshiped; and they shall not be gathered or buried; they shall be as dung on the surface of the ground(Jer. 8:2)

4.   If he finished his work on the seventh day, then he must have been working part of the seventh day.

2And on the seventh day God finished his work

5.   Contradiction: Gen. 2:4b says creation took one day. God did not rest.

In the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens, (Gen.2:4b)

 

REVELATIONS

How Long is a Day?

Genesis 1:5 defines a day as having an evening and a morning. Genesis 1:14 distinguishes days from years. Genesis 1:16 says the sun rules the day and the moon rules the night. It couldn't be clearer that a day is defined as a 24 hour period.

5God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day. (Gen.1:5)

14And God said, "Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to separate the day from the night; and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and years, (Gen.1:14)

16And God made the two great lights, the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night; (Gen.1:16)

Elsewhere in the Bible we find the definition of a day as a thousand years. But even if a day can be stretched to a thousand years, the Bible is nowhere close to millions and billions of years in real time.

4For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yesterday when it is past, or as a watch in the night. (Psalms 90:4)

8But do not ignore this one fact, beloved, that with the Lord one day is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. (2 Peter 3:8)

No one had any idea how old earth is until 1630 BCE, when Irish archbishop James Ussher announced 4004 BCE as the date of creation. That date was accepted by large numbers of Christians. The Jewish calendar goes back to the 10th century. It fixes the date of Creation at 3760 BCE (they are still in print today). It is fair to say that the Bible was once regarded as an historical document. Its time of creation, of around 4000 BCE, was widely accepted by Jewish and Christian authorities.

It wasn't until the beginning of the 19th century, when archeologists found the ancient Egyptian civilization-almost as old as creation itself-when the Bible lost its credibility as an historical document. Without the aid of any religious sources, scientists estimate the age of earth to be about 4.5 billion years.

In recent decades, many of those who defend the creationist view have been backpedaling with the argument that a day means millions of years or some indefinite period of time. The oxymoronic term "creation science" came into vogue in a vain attempt to give religion scientific credibility.

A day in biblespeak could be stretched to a thousand years in astrological time. But given what was discussed above, a day of creation means 24 hours.

What is a Firmament?

In Gen. 1:6-8 God made a firmament to separate the waters and called the firmament, Heaven. Contemporary readers think of heaven as some supernatural place where God lives and where good people go in their afterlife. Actually the Bible describes Heaven as a very physical place.

8And God called the firmament Heaven. (Gen.1:8)

In what must have taken centuries of star gazing and record keeping to keep track of pattern movements, early priests were known as diviners, meaning star readers. Before there were clocks, astrologer priests could tell time by the stars. The stargazers' effect on religion was enormous. Horoscopes were first developed about this time.

They grouped the stars into constellations, gave them identities and built mythological stories around them. The stars' movements had hidden messages; or so they thought. Stars, by ancient definition, included the sun, the moon and the planets. Any light in the heavens was defined as a star.

In biblespeak, the stars are referred to by allegory; that is they saw hidden meanings. So to understand the Bible, instead of drawing a blank when you come across phrases like "signs," 'heaven above," "God above," look to the stars and watch the context.

Firmament in Hebrew is raqiya, meaning an expanse. But in looking further, raqiya comes from the Hebrew, raqa, meaning to pound the earth as if to expand into an overlay by hammering. By implication, when God separated the waters he sliced it with a thin sheet of some metal. The firmament then, was like a giant Ouija board. The passages below hint to the stars' astrological meaning.

The stars in the firmament are proclaiming God's handiwork.

1The heavens are telling the glory of God; and the firmament proclaims his handiwork. (Psalm 19:1)

Psalms called it a shield.

9The princes of the peoples gather as the people of the God of Abraham. For the shields of the earth belong to God; he is highly exalted! (Psalms 47:9)

The firmament was solid and held the waters above it.

4Praise him, you highest heavens, and you waters above the heavens! (Psalms 148:4)

God's star lives in the firmament too.

1Praise the LORD! Praise God in his sanctuary; praise him in his mighty firmament! (Psalm 150:1)

Ezekiel saw constellations above the firmament.

26And above the firmament over their heads there was the likeness of a throne, in appearance like sapphire; and seated above the likeness of a throne was a likeness as it were of a human form. (Ezekiel 1:26)

Job called the firmament a mirror.

18Can you, like him, spread out the skies, hard as a molten mirror? (Job 37:18)

Pagan Parallels

In the essay, "In the Beginning," I presented a series of ancient myths in which ancients believed in a primeval chaos. In this series, I continue some of these myths in which order arose from an earlier chaos. This list is by no means exhaustive. Creation myths were common to ancient cultures. What we see here is how close the Hebrew creation myths conform to their pagan cousins then to anything that resembles scientific truth.

Egypt

The Ennead is otherwise known as the Nine Gods of Heliopolis (city of the sun). It's an interesting coincidence that they parallel in count to Yahweh and his eight divine material commands.

The first of these was Ra-Atum. He was called the creator of the universe, One, i.e. One God. The One God is Ra-Atum, the Sun-god. He caused the first division into male and female when he took his semen in his mouth and spat or sneezed out Shu, the God of air, and Tefenet, the goddess of moisture.

From the sexual union between Shu and Tefenet came Geb, the earth God, and Nut, the sky goddess. The children of Nut were two pairs of twins, Osiris and Isis, and Seth and Nephthys. Osiris and Isis were revered respectively as a god and goddess of agriculture. Osiris was the first king, and his rule was threatened by Seth and the forces of chaos.

He dispersed the darkness by making the sun and moon out of his eyes. Men and women were created by the process of weeping. With his tears, he gave birth to vegetation and reptiles.

The gods of the Egyptians dwelt in heaven. They believed heaven to be like an iron ceiling, either flat or vaulted. The ceiling was rectangular and was supported at each corner by a pillar. This description sounds remarkably like the Bible's.

Babylon

In the beginning, nothing existed except Apsu, the sweet-water ocean and Tiamat, the salt-water ocean. From their union springs a succession of gods, culminating in the great gods Anu and Ea, who beget Markuk. But conflict arises between the younger gods and the primeval deities. Ea kills Apsu, and Tiamat determines revenge.

She assembles a horde of ferocious monsters with her son Kingu at its head. Various gods attempt to subdue Tiamat, but they fail and finally the pantheon chose Marduk as their champion. Markuk accepts on condition that he is recognized as the king of the gods. He defeats and kills Tiamat: he divides her body in two, one half forming the sky and the other half the earth. Next Markuk kills Kingu, and from his blood, mixed with earth, creates mankind.

Sumeria

This is one account from Sumeria, before it was merged into Babylon. The ultimate origin of all things was the primeval sea, personified as the goddess Nammu. She gave birth to the male sky God, An, and the female earth goddess, Ki, whose union in turn produced the the great gods. Among these was Enlil, source of the ordered universe, responsible for vegetation, cattle, agricultural tools and the arts of civilization. Man was created to serve the gods and provide them with sustenance.