Joshua's Conquest

The god of Creation and the god of Israel are two different gods. What gives it away is their name change from Elohim to Yahweh. English translations substitute 'Lord' in place of 'Yahweh.' The god of creation has deteriorated into a local pagan war god. 

The word, God, in the Creation narratives was translated from the Hebrew, Elohim, meaning many gods. When Elohim created man, they gave him green plants for food.

11And God said, "Let the earth put forth vegetation, plants yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit in which is their seed, each according to its kind, upon the earth." And it was so. (Gen 1:11)

When Yahweh Elohim put him in the garden of Eden, he was to till it and keep it.

15The LORD God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to till it and keep it. (Gen. 2:15)

When Yahweh Elohim sent Adam out of Eden, he was commanded him to work the ground for his food.

17And to Adam he said, "Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten of the tree of which I commanded you, 'You shall not eat of it,' cursed is the ground because of you; in toil you shall eat of it all the days of your life;
18thorns and thistles it shall bring forth to you; and you shall eat the plants of the field. (Gen 3:17-18)

Meat eating didn't come until the Cain and Abel story, when Yahweh appears on the scene, favoring Abel because he sacrificed his firstborn sheep.

2And again, she bore his brother Abel. Now Abel was a keeper of sheep, and Cain a tiller of the ground.
3In the course of time Cain brought to the LORD an offering of the fruit of the ground,
4and Abel brought of the firstlings of his flock and of their fat portions. And the LORD had regard for Abel and his offering,
5but for Cain and his offering he had no regard. (Gen. 4:2-5)

Why Israel is so important to Jews has to do with Yahweh's covenant with Abraham. As the passage below tells us, Yahweh's ambitions for Abraham's descendants were far more ambitious than what he could produce.

The land he promised, stretches east to west, from the Nile River to the Euphrates. It would have included the entire Sinai Peninsula, Israel, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan, and Iraq.

18On that day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, "To your descendants I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates,
19the land of the Kenites, the Kenizzites, the Kadmonites,
20the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Rephaim,
21
the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Girgashites and the Jebusites." (Gen. 15:18-21)

Yahweh's promise to Abraham failed because it rested on a false assumption. That is, wealth and power come by war and conquest. The god of Israel knew almost nothing about farming and trade. When the Israelites saw a wealthy tribe, they never thought to ask how they got that way.

The pagan gods, like Baal and Asherah, were vegetation gods. Their people saw their bounty as a measure of their god's blessing. Encouraged by their gods, they developed vast irrigation systems, learned farming techniques and grew an abundance of crops.

Once the Israelites took their valuables, they literally destroyed, burnt to the ground and killed the inhabitants. It was like robbing a jewelry store, then burning down the store and killing the proprietor.

War is expensive. Since the Israelites never learned to produce surplus wealth to fund their war effort, they remained a tiny two bit theocracy. The Old Testament prophets were fond of blaming the Israelites for violating Yahweh's laws. It doesn't work. The Israelites remained insignificant because they listened to their priests.

If wealth and military strength were a measure of Yahweh's power, it would mean that Yahweh was not as powerful as the pagan gods. The best the Israelites were going to do, was to defeat the tribes too small to defend themselves.

 

1. The Tribes Congregate 5. The Amorite League
2. The Fall Of Jericho 6. Southern Campaign
3. Ambush At Ai 7. Northern Campaign
4. Gibeonites Enslaved 8. Historicity Disputed

The Tribes Congregate — Joshua 1:1-18

The book of Joshua picks up with the Israelites on the east side of the Jordan River. The city of Jericho is in their sights. Yahweh gave Joshua moral support, promising victory in battle as long as the Israelites obey the law of Moses.

15until the LORD gives rest to your brethren as well as to you, and they also take possession of the land which the LORD your God is giving them; then you shall return to the land of your possession, and shall possess it, the land which Moses the servant of the LORD gave you beyond the Jordan toward the sunrise." (Joshua 1:15)

Preachers usually present this story as an object lesson in that nice things will happen to you if believe in and obey God. But that is putting a positive spin on God's evil side. This is a tribal god who is obsessed over the obedience of one nationality3/4 the Jews. This is a murderous God who not only sanctions; he mandates the wholesale slaughter of innocent men, women, and children because of their different religious beliefs.

If this were a Wild West movie you would see a tribe of savage Indians doing their dances and ceremonies in the hope that their gods will grant them success in battle. In the next scene you see the savages amassed along a mountain ridge ready to attack some isolated, small, stockade fenced town inhabited by helpless farmers.

It is not the Canaanites who are the aggressors; it is the Israelites. And they mean to destroy and pillage everything in sight. Yahweh will reward you for killing in his name.

1After the death of Moses the servant of the LORD, the LORD said to Joshua the son of Nun, Moses' minister,
2"Moses my servant is dead; now therefore arise, go over this Jordan, you and all this people, into the land which I am giving to them, to the people of Israel.
3Every place that the sole of your foot will tread upon I have given to you, as I promised to Moses.
4From the wilderness and this Lebanon as far as the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites to the Great Sea toward the going down of the sun shall be your territory.
5No man shall be able to stand before you all the days of your life; as I was with Moses, so I will be with you; I will not fail you or forsake you(Joshua 1:1-5)

The Fall Of Jericho — Joshua 2-6

Joshua sent two spies into Jericho to assess the strength of their prey. When they returned, they reported to Joshua that despite the high walls, the town inhabitants are militarily weak and terrified of the Israelites.

24And they said to Joshua, "Truly the LORD has given all the land into our hands; and moreover all the inhabitants of the land are fainthearted because of us." (Joshua 2:24)

When these missionaries of death and destruction approached the River Jordan, they followed from behind the Ark of the Covenant. Usually at that time of the year the waters flood over the banks, but this time the river miraculously stopped flowing, yielding dry land for the savages to cross.

17And while all Israel were passing over on dry ground, the priests who bore the ark of the covenant of the LORD stood on dry ground in the midst of the Jordan, until all the nation finished passing over the Jordan. (Joshua 3:17)

Forty thousand men armed for battle crossed the river.

13about forty thousand ready armed for war passed over before the LORD for battle, to the plains of Jericho. (Joshua 4:13)

As one of those silly side notes, Yahweh commanded Joshua to circumcise his men¾all 40,000 of them, personally. If Joshua could circumcise four penises per hour, twenty four hours a day, it would have taken him over a year. Try to imagine a scene of 40,000 men lined up with their pants drawn for Joshua to introduce himself to every penis in his army. For adult men, this is a very painful operation.

7So it was their children, whom he raised up in their stead, that Joshua circumcised; for they were uncircumcised, because they had not been circumcised on the way. (Joshua 5:7)

To ceremoniously mark time before the siege, Joshua and the people marched silently once around the city; they did this for six days. The citizens of Jericho stayed behind their wall.

1Now Jericho was shut up from within and from without because of the people of Israel; none went out, and none came in. (Joshua 6:1)

On the seventh day they attacked with trumpets blasting and people shouting. The noise made the walls fall. Whereupon the Israelites charged with swords raised high. They massacred men and women, young and old, oxen, sheep, and donkeys. Anything made of silver and gold and vessels of bronze and iron went to the priests. When nobody was left alive, they burned down the city.

20So the people shouted, and the trumpets were blown. As soon as the people heard the sound of the trumpet, the people raised a great shout, and the wall fell down flat, so that the people went up into the city, every man straight before him, and they took the city.
21Then they utterly destroyed all in the city, both men and women, young and old, oxen, sheep, and asses, with the edge of the sword. (Joshua 6:20-21)

24And they burned the city with fire, and all within it; only the silver and gold, and the vessels of bronze and of iron, they put into the treasury of the house of the LORD.
(Joshua 6:24)

Ambush At Ai — Joshua 7

The first attack failed because Achan from the tribe of Judah stole some of the priest's booty for himself and God noticed it and got mad.

1But the people of Israel broke faith in regard to the devoted things; for Achan the son of Carmi, son of Zabdi, son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took some of the devoted things; and the anger of the LORD burned against the people of Israel. (Joshua 7:1)

Not knowing about the theft, Joshua sent three thousand men to invade Ai. It took only thirty-six men from Ai to kill them all.

4So about three thousand went up there from the people; and they fled before the men of Ai,
5and the men of Ai killed about thirty-six men of them, and chased them before the gate as far as Shebarim, and slew them at the descent. And the hearts of the people melted, and became as water. (Joshua 7:4-5)

When Joshua asked Yahweh what went wrong, Yahweh told him about the theft.

10The LORD said to Joshua, "Arise, why have you thus fallen upon your face?
11Israel has sinned; they have transgressed my covenant which I commanded them; they have taken some of the devoted things; they have stolen, and lied, and put them among their own stuff. (Joshua 7:10-11)

The next day, Joshua found the thief. Achan and his family were stoned to death and burned to ashes. The perversity of Yahweh s justice is still intact. Kill the innocent for the sake of the guilty.

24And Joshua and all Israel with him took Achan the son of Zerah, and the silver and the mantle and the bar of gold, and his sons and daughters, and his oxen and asses and sheep, and his tent, and all that he had; and they brought them up to the Valley of Achor.
25And Joshua said, "Why did you bring trouble on us? The LORD brings trouble on you today." And all Israel stoned him with stones; they burned them with fire, and stoned them with stones. (Joshua 7:24-25)

With Achan purged from their ranks, Yahweh let them keep whatever booty they wanted for themselves.

2and you shall do to Ai and its king as you did to Jericho and its king; only its spoil and its cattle you shall take as booty for yourselves; lay an ambush against the city, behind it." (Joshua 8:2)

With the next victory assured, Joshua sent 30,000 warriors to the rear of the city at nightfall, waiting in ambush.

3So Joshua arose, and all the fighting men, to go up to Ai; and Joshua chose thirty thousand mighty men of valor, and sent them forth by night.
4And he commanded them, "Behold, you shall lie in ambush against the city, behind it; do not go very far from the city, but hold yourselves all in readiness; (Joshua 8:3-4)

The next morning he took 5,000 to the front of the city to draw out the king of Ai and his soldiers.

12And he took about five thousand men, and set them in ambush between Bethel and Ai, to the west of the city. (Joshua 8:12)

The king took the bait; every able-bodied man left in the city.

17There was not a man left in Ai or Bethel, who did not go out after Israel; they left the city open, and pursued Israel. (Joshua 8:17)

Joshua and his small group pretended to be beaten and ran away with the king in pursuit.

15And Joshua and all Israel made a pretense of being beaten before them, and fled in the direction of the wilderness. (Joshua 8:15)

As they got far away from the city, Joshua's 30,000 warriors entered the defenseless city, slaughtering and burning everything in sight.

19And the ambush rose quickly out of their place, and as soon as he had stretched out his hand, they ran and entered the city and took it; and they made haste to set the city on fire. (Joshua 8:19)

Then Joshua and his 5,000 turned against their pursuers and killed them all.

21And when Joshua and all Israel saw that the ambush had taken the city, and that the smoke of the city went up, then they turned back and smote the men of Ai (Joshua 8:21)

The king was captured and hanged. 12,000 Ai citizens¾men, women and children¾were killed that day. All that remained was the booty which the Israelites kept for themselves. Score another one for Yahweh's love and mercy.

24When Israel had finished slaughtering all the inhabitants of Ai in the open wilderness where they pursued them, and all of them to the very last had fallen by the edge of the sword, all Israel returned to Ai, and smote it with the edge of the sword.
25And all who fell that day, both men and women, were twelve thousand, all the people of Ai.
26For Joshua did not draw back his hand, with which he stretched out the javelin, until he had utterly destroyed all the inhabitants of Ai.
27Only the cattle and the spoil of that city Israel took as their booty, according to the word of the LORD which he commanded Joshua.
28So Joshua burned Ai, and made it for ever a heap of ruins, as it is to this day.
29And he hanged the king of Ai on a tree until evening; and at the going down of the sun Joshua commanded, and they took his body down from the tree, and cast it at the entrance of the gate of the city, and raised over it a great heap of stones, which stands there to this day. (Joshua 8:24-29)

Gibeonites Enslaved — Joshua 9

The Gibeonites knew they couldn't protect themselves against this invading hoard of barbarians. So they made themselves look poor.

3But when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and to Ai,
4they on their part acted with cunning, and went and made ready provisions, and took worn-out sacks upon their asses, and wineskins, worn-out and torn and mended,
5with worn-out, patched sandals on their feet, and worn-out clothes; and all their provisions were dry and moldy.
(Joshua 9:3-5)

They went to Joshua to make a peace treaty.

6And they went to Joshua in the camp at Gilgal, and said to him and to the men of Israel, "We have come from a far country; so now make a covenant with us." (Joshua 9:6)

They told him they were people from a far off country who had a high regard for Yahweh.

8They said to Joshua, "We are your servants." And Joshua said to them, "Who are you? And where do you come from?"
9They said to him, "From a very far country your servants have come, because of the name of the LORD your God; for we have heard a report of him, and all that he did in Egypt, (Joshua 9:8-9)

Joshua made peace with them, guaranteeing their lives by oath.

15And Joshua made peace with them, and made a covenant with them, to let them live; and the leaders of the congregation swore to them. (Joshua 9:15)

Much later after Joshua learned he was deceived; he kept his oath but the made them slaves.

22Joshua summoned them, and he said to them, "Why did you deceive us, saying, 'We are very far from you,' when you dwell among us?
23Now therefore you are cursed, and some of you shall always be slaves, hewers of wood and drawers of water for the house of my God." (Joshua 9:22-23)

For the Gibeonites it was a better deal than being destroyed.

24They answered Joshua, "Because it was told to your servants for a certainty that the LORD your God had commanded his servant Moses to give you all the land, and to destroy all the inhabitants of the land from before you; so we feared greatly for our lives because of you, and did this thing. (Joshua 9:22-24)

The Amorite League — Joshua 10

The Amorite kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish and Eglon made war against Gibeon because the Gibeonites had defected.

5Then the five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon, gathered their forces, and went up with all their armies and encamped against Gibeon, and made war against it. (Joshua 10:5)

Because Joshua made an oath to protect the Gibeonites, they enlisted protection from Joshua.

6And the men of Gibeon sent to Joshua at the camp in Gilgal, saying, "Do not relax your hand from your servants; come up to us quickly, and save us, and help us; for all the kings of the Amorites that dwell in the hill country are gathered against us." (Joshua 10:6)

So Joshua led his warriors against the Gibeonites' enemies.

7So Joshua went up from Gilgal, he and all the people of war with him, and all the mighty men of valor. (Joshua 10:7)

As they fled from Israel, God threw hailstones at them, killing more than the Israelites could kill with the sword.

10And the LORD threw them into a panic before Israel, who slew them with a great slaughter at Gibeon, and chased them by the way of the ascent of Beth-horon, and smote them as far as Azekah and Makkedah.
11And as they fled before Israel, while they were going down the ascent of Beth-horon, the LORD threw down great stones from heaven upon them as far as Azekah, and they died; there were more who died because of the hailstones than the men of Israel killed with the sword. (Joshua 10:10-11)

Joshua needed more daylight to complete his massacre. So at his request, Yahweh made the sun stand still. There are two notes of special significance here.
1. The mention of Yahweh's making the sun stand still, came from a time when it was believe that the sun moved relative to earth. All it means in reality is that the battle took place on June 21, the longest day of the year when the sun appears to stand still. The word, solstice, means sun stand still. The mood appears to stand still in its full moon phase.
2. The significance of the solstice, commemorates the day when the Jews took control of Jerusalem and its outlying areas.

12Then spoke Joshua to the LORD in the day when the LORD gave the Amorites over to the men of Israel; and he said in the sight of Israel, "Sun, stand thou still at Gibeon, and thou Moon in the valley of Aijalon."
13And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the nation took vengeance on their enemies. Is this not written in the Book of Jashar? The sun stayed in the midst of heaven, and did not hasten to go down for about a whole day. (Joshua 10:12-13)

Needless to say, every man, woman and child of the five kingdoms was cut down and the five armies, and the cities they came from, were butchered to extinction.

20When Joshua and the men of Israel had finished slaying them with a very great slaughter, until they were wiped out, and when the remnant which remained of them had entered into the fortified cities, (Joshua 10:20)

The five kings hid in a cave but Joshua found them and had them taken out of the cave, hung, and put back in the cave.

27but at the time of the going down of the sun, Joshua commanded, and they took them down from the trees, and threw them into the cave where they had hidden themselves, and they set great stones against the mouth of the cave, which remain to this very day. (Joshua 10:27)

Southern Campaign — Joshua 10:28-39

On and on the massacre continued until no one was left. Makkedah, Libnah, Lachish, Gezer, Eglon, Hebron, Debir fell to the sword.

Makkedah

28And Joshua took Makkedah on that day, and smote it and its king with the edge of the sword; he utterly destroyed every person in it, he left none remaining; and he did to the king of Makkedah as he had done to the king of Jericho.(Joshua 10:28)

Libhah

29Then Joshua passed on from Makkedah, and all Israel with him, to Libnah, and fought against Libnah;
30and the LORD gave it also and its king into the hand of Israel; and he smote it with the edge of the sword, and every person in it; he left none remaining in it; and he did to its king as he had done to the king of Jericho. (Joshua 10:29-30)

Lachish

31And Joshua passed on from Libnah, and all Israel with him, to Lachish, and laid siege to it, and assaulted it:
32and the LORD gave Lachish into the hand of Israel, and he took it on the second day, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and every person in it, as he had done to Libnah. (Joshua 10:31-32)

Gezer

33Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua smote him and his people, until he left none remaining. (Joshua 10:33)

Eglon

34And Joshua passed on with all Israel from Lachish to Eglon; and they laid siege to it, and assaulted it;
35and they took it on that day, and smote it with the edge of the sword; and every person in it he utterly destroyed that day, as he had done to Lachish. (Joshua 10:34-35)

Hebron

36Then Josh weuant up with all Israel from Eglon to Hebron; and they assaulted it,
37
and took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and its king and its towns, and every person in it; he left none remaining, as he had done to Eglon, and utterly destroyed it with every person in it. (Joshua 10:26-37)

Debir

38Then Joshua, with all Israel, turned back to Debir and assaulted it,
39and he took it with its king and all its towns; and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and utterly destroyed every person in it; he left none remaining; as he had done to Hebron and to Libnah and its king, so he did to Debir and to its king. (Joshua 10:38-39)

So Joshua defeated the whole land, destroying all that breathed. There is no estimate on the human cost of death and destruction. Thirty one kingdoms on the west side of the Jordan River met the same fate.

40So Joshua defeated the whole land, the hill country and the Negeb and the lowland and the slopes, and all their kings; he left none remaining, but utterly destroyed all that breathed, as the LORD God of Israel commanded.
41And Joshua defeated them from Kadesh-barnea to Gaza, and all the country of Goshen, as far as Gibeon.
42And Joshua took all these kings and their land at one time, because the LORD God of Israel fought for Israel.
43
Then Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to the camp at Gilgal. (Joshua 10:28-42)

23So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the LORD had spoken to Moses; and Joshua gave it for an inheritance to Israel according to their tribal allotments. And the land had rest from war. (Joshua 11:23)

Northern Campaign-— Joshua 11

When the king of Hazor heard this, he sent word to the other kings, warning of an imminent attack. So they combined forces: Madon, Shimron, Achshaph, the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Jebusites and the Hivites. Thought Joshua claims to have conquered the Hittites, it was no way possible. They were Egypt's equal in size and power.

1When Jabin king of Hazor heard of this, he sent to Jobab king of Madon, and to the king of Shimron, and to the king of Achshaph,
2and to the kings who were in the northern hill country, and in the Arabah south of Chinneroth, and in the lowland, and in Naphoth-dor on the west,
3to the Canaanites in the east and the west, the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, and the Jebusites in the hill country, and the Hivites under Hermon in the land of Mizpah. (Joshua 11:1-3)

They joined forces and came out, with all their troops in number like sand, with horses and chariots.

4And they came out, with all their troops, a great host, in number like the sand that is upon the seashore, with very many horses and chariots.
5And all these kings joined their forces, and came and encamped together at the waters of Merom, to fight with Israel. (Joshua 11:4-5)

He attacked them as far as Sidon until no one was left remaining.

8And the LORD gave them into the hand of Israel, who smote them and chased them as far as Great Sidon and Misrephoth-maim, and eastward as far as the valley of Mizpeh; and they smote them, until they left none remaining. (Joshua 11:8)

Joshua had their horses hamstrung and their chariots set on fire. He put the people of Hazor and their king to the sword, leaving no one left who breathed. He burned Hazor with fire. The other towns, he left standing.

9And Joshua did to them as the LORD bade him; he hamstrung their horses, and burned their chariots with fire.
10And Joshua turned back at that time, and took Hazor, and smote its king with the sword; for Hazor formerly was the head of all those kingdoms.
11And they put to the sword all who were in it, utterly destroying them; there was none left that breathed, and he burned Hazor with fire.
12And all the cities of those kings, and all their kings, Joshua took, and smote them with the edge of the sword, utterly destroying them, as Moses the servant of the LORD had commanded.
13But none of the cities that stood on mounds did Israel burn, except Hazor only; that Joshua burned.
14And all the spoil of these cities and the cattle, the people of Israel took for their booty; but every man they smote with the edge of the sword, until they had destroyed them, and they did not leave any that breathed. (Joshua 11:9-14)

As he had done to Pharaoh in the Exodus, Yahweh hardened their hearts, so he could exterminate them.

20For it was the LORD'S doing to harden their hearts that they should come against Israel in battle, in order that they should be utterly destroyed, and should receive no mercy but be exterminated, as the LORD commanded Moses. (Joshua 11:20)

When the Israelites recovered the land which God had promised as their inheritance, the land had rest from war.

23So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the LORD had spoken to Moses; and Joshua gave it for an inheritance to Israel according to their tribal allotments. And the land had rest from war. (Joshua 11:23)

These were the conquered territories upon which the Jews claim to have inherited as a matter of right.

Historicity Disputed

According to historians and archeologists, at the time when Joshua was to have marched through Canaan, early 1200 BCE, the area was dominated by two great rival empires. The Egyptians controlled the area around the Mediterranean up to Syria. The Hittites ruled from Syria to the north.

In the Bible, no Egyptians are reported outside the boundaries of Egypt and none are mentioned in any of the battles within Canaan. Yet texts and archeological finds report that the Egyptians kept watch over local affairs.

In the time of Joshua, none of the cities described were protected by fortifications. For example, Jericho did indeed have great walls early in its history, but they were destroyed by an Egyptian army approximately 1560 BCE, long before Joshua's time.

More discrepancies exist when we look into later portions of Joshua and the book of Judges. The cities and their inhabitants whom Joshua supposedly exterminated, were alive and well to fight again.

Amorites

Conquered.

12.when the LORD gave the Amorites over to the men of Israel; (Joshua 10:12)

Unconquered.

2This is the land that yet remains: .
4.to the boundary of the Amorites, (Joshua 13:2, 4)

Debir

Conquered.

38Then Joshua, with all Israel, turned back to Debir and assaulted it, (Joshua 10:38)

Unconquered.

11From there they went against the inhabitants of Debir. (Judges 1:11)

Gaza

Located on the Mediterranean coastline across from the Dead Sea.

Conquered.

41And Joshua defeated them from Kadesh-barnea to Gaza, .(Joshua 10:41)

Unconquered.

2This is the land that yet remains: .
3.those of Gaza, (Joshua 13:2-3)

Goshen

Located in the northeast delta section of Egypt. There was no place in Canaan by the name of Goshen. It never happened.

Conquered.

16So Joshua took all that land, .and all the land of Goshen. (Joshua 11:16)

Unconquered. Belonged to Egyptians.

27Thus Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the land of Goshen (Gen. 47:27)

Hebron

Conquered.

36Then Joshua went up with all Israel from Eglon to Hebron; and they assaulted it,
37
and took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and its king and its towns, and every person in it; he left none remaining, . (Joshua 10:36-37)

Unconquered.

10And Judah went against the Canaanites who dwelt in Hebron (Judges 1:10)

Hittites. Thought Joshua claims to have conquered the Hittites, it was no way possible. They were Egypt's equal in size and power and they didn't live in Canaan.

Jebusites

Conquered. Jerusalem was within the hill country which the Jebusites occupied.

3to the Canaanites in the east and the west, the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, and the Jebusites in the hill country,
8And the LORD gave them into the hand of Israel, who smote them and chased them as far as Great Sidon and Misrephoth-maim, and eastward as far as the valley of Mizpeh; and they smote them, until they left none remaining. (Joshua 11:3, 8)

Unconquered.

21But the people of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites who dwelt in Jerusalem; (Judges 1:21)

Jerusalem

Conquered. (The hill country of Judah includes Jerusalem.)

21And Joshua came at that time, and wiped out the Anakim from the hill country, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the hill country of Judah, (Joshua 11:21)

Unconquered.

8And the men of Judah fought against Jerusalem, and took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and set the city on fire. (Judges 1:8)

Lebanon

Conquered.

16So Joshua took all that land, .
17.as far as Baal-gad in the valley of Lebanon below Mount Hermon. (Joshua 11:16-17)

Unconquered.

2This is the land that yet remains: .
5
.and all Lebanon, (Joshua 13:2, 5)

Negeb

Conquered.

16So Joshua took all that land, the hill country and all the Negeb and all the land of Goshen. (Joshua 11:16)

Unconquered.

9And afterward the men of Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites who dwelt in the hill country, in the Negeb, and in the lowland. (Judges 1:9)

Perizzites

Conquered

3.the Perizzites, and the Jebusites in the hill country,
8And the LORD gave them into the hand of Israel, who smote them .until they left none remaining. (Joshua 11:3, 8)

Unconquered.

5They came upon Adoni-bezek at Bezek, and fought against him, and defeated the Canaanites and the Perizzites. (Judges 1:5)

Sidon

Located to the north in what would now be Lebanon.

Conquered.

8And the LORD gave them into the hand of Israel, who smote them and chased them as far as Great Sidon and Misrephoth-maim, and eastward as far as the valley of Mizpeh; and they smote them, until they left none remaining.(Joshua 11:8)

Unconquered.

6all the inhabitants of the hill country from Lebanon to Misrephoth-maim, even all the Sidonians. I will myself drive them out from before the people of Israel; . (Joshua 13:1-6)

On and on it goes. The Bible not only disagrees with outside historical records. It disagrees with itself. Though there were no such conquests, supporters of Zionism use the Old Testament to justify their claim for the rights of Jews to establish the state of Israel-a nation of the Jews, by the Jews, and for the Jews. It is no wonder why they are still at war to this day.

For readers who would like to know more about the archeological records, I suggest "The Bible Unearthed," by Israel Finkelstein and Neil Asher Silberman.