I have seen everything that is done
under the sun; and behold, all is vanity and a striving after wind.
- Ecclesiastes 1:14
The sun completes one cycle around the Zodiac from Ruth through 2 kings. This report completes the "historical" Old Testament from Genesis to the end of 2 Kings. The books of Chronicles overlap the books of Kings. It would be too much to go through the whole history, so I'm just covering the markers that define the twelve houses of the zodiac.
The original meaning of Zion becomes clear when we learn that it defines the stars of the zodiac.
1. Israel's history starts in Capricorn in the Book of Ruth with the birth of David's grandfather Obed.
2. Samuel was the waterman in Aquarius.
3. In Pisces, Saul is represented by the constellation Cepheus the king.
4. In Aries, David was the sheepherder who cut off Goliath's head as represented by Perseus holding the head of Medusa.
5. In Taurus, there is Auriga the Charioteer holding a goat, and Orion the hunter. Parallels myths connect them to Nathan the prophet and David.
6. At the halfway point, the sun is at its zenith in Gemini. This is the time when David and Solomon were kings.
7. The sun crosses a major divide in Cancer. This is when Israel splits into two kingdoms, Israel and Judah.
8. The Big Dipper lies in Leo. It is the chariot of fire and horses that Elijah rode into heaven.
9. In Virgo, Elisha is symbolized by Bootes. There is an incident where he sends two bears to attack some boys for insulting him. In Virgo, there is Ursa Major and Ursa Minor, big bear and little bear.
10. Libra is the time for settling debts. Justice is served out when the northern kingdom of Israel is captured and exiled to Assyria. Israel was ruled by kings who worshipped pagan gods.
11. Scorpio's stink weakens the sun. It was the time of Judah's first exile.
12. It is the darkest time of the year when Sagittarius' arrows kill the sun. The Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar lay siege to Judah and exiled its leading inhabitants to Babylon.
This is not to say that the entire history of Israel is a fabrication. According the authors Israel Finkelstein and Neil Silberman of The Bible Unearthed, there were two kingdoms, but Judah didn't rise to prominence until after the fall of the northern kingdom of Israel. According to the authors, digs in Jerusalem failed to produce evidence of a great city in David's and Solomon's time, and monuments ascribed to Solomon are most plausibly connected to other kings. From what this page has uncovered, the history of Israel is fictitious until we get past the kingdom's split. Thereafter, it is a mix of truth and fiction with a strong bias to fiction.
Bible dictionaries cannot explain the root meaning of the word "Zion." It is ordinarily thought of as the fortified hill of pre-Israelite Jerusalem, Israel or Jews. Our interest is the heavenly Zion. The ways it is used suggest that in every case it is a code word for "zodiac." The word evolved to suggest a secular Zion.
City of David
Another report shows that David is an astronomical myth, so it follows that Zion the city of David is an astronomical place.
7(2 Sam. 5:7)
1(1 Kings 8:1)
5(1 Chron. 11:5)
Even the Ark of the Covenant is an astronomical term. "Ark" is a pun for "arc" and "covenant" symbolizes "cover." The sun travels in an arc as it rises from the east and sets in the west.
2(2 Chron. 5:2)
The firmament was thought of as a dome that covers earth. The dome could be thought of as a mountain. Its peak was in the far north, i.e. the North Pole star.
God dwells in Zion
The usage speaks for itself.
There is a heavenly Jerusalem and an earthly Jerusalem. The Zodiac was thought of as a parallel universe.
22But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering, (Heb. 12:22)
1Then I looked, and lo, on Mount Zion stood the Lamb, and with him a hundred and forty-four thousand who had his name and his Father's name written on their foreheads. (Rev. 14:1)
Daughter of Zion
The usage suggests the constellation Virgo.
21(2 Kings 19:21)
A mount and a hill is a high place. The daughter is not in Jerusalem; she is at the mount or the hill of Jerusalem; i.e. she is overhead.
This zodiac map provides a visual reference to the named constellations.
The time of Capricorn, when the sun is at the lowest in its cycle, is marked by a time of distress.
The history of Israel begins in the Book of Ruth during the days of the judges when there was famine in the land. Elimelech, Naomi and their two sons migrated from Bethlehem in Judah to Moab. Elimelech died, leaving Naomi a widow. Her two sons married Moabite wives, Orprah and Ruth. The two sons died, also leaving Naomi's daughter-in-laws widows. After that, Noami returned to Bethlehem with Ruth; and Orprah stayed in Moab.
Ruth's fortunes changed when she met Boaz, a man of wealth and of the family of Noami's dead husband. Encouraged by his kindness towards her, she slipped into his bed one night. He accepted her and they became married. Ruth bore a child named Obed, and Noami was the grandmother. The significance of this story is that David became the grandson of Obed.
The constellation Aquarius portrays the image of a man carrying water. It was Samuel who anointed the first two kings of Israel, Saul and David.
1 Samuel 1: Samuel's mother Hannah was married a long time without children until she resorted to prayer. She promised that if she had a son, she would raise him as a Nazarite. (Numbers 6:1-21 defines a Nazarite as a man especially devoted to God.) God heard her and gave her a son Samuel. As soon as he was weaned, he was put in the care of Eli, the priest of Shiloh. Samuel rose to prominence as judge, priest and prophet.
In the house of Pisces there is Cepheus the Ethiopian king shown holding a scepter in his left hand. In Zion, the king is Saul.
1 Samuel 9-10: Saul was a handsome young Benjamite whose father sent him out to find some lost donkeys. When he wandered as far as the land of Zuph, his boy assistant talked him into paying a visit to Samuel because he might be helpful. The day before, God told Samuel that when he meets a Benjamite the next day, he is to anoint him king. When they met, Samuel ceremoniously anointed Saul as the new king of Israel.
David was a sheepherder (1 Sam. 16:11) whose killing and beheading of Goliath (2 Sam. 17) is symbolized as Perseus holding Medusa's head in the house of Aries. David's horoscope begins in Aries.
As the sun passes from Pisces into Aries, Saul falls into disfavor for sparing King Agag when he defeated the Amalekites. Samuel scolded him and hacked Agag into pieces. God sent Samuel to visit Bethlehem to visit Jesse to find a new king to replace Saul. Out of Jesse's seven sons, Samuel chose David and anointed him (2 Samuel 15-16).
The House of Taurus brings us to the constellations Auriga the Charioteer and Orion the Hunter. In 2 Samuel 7, the prophet Nathan made a bona fide prediction to David that Yahweh would defeat his enemies (v. 9), provide a dwelling (v. 10), establish a house in his name (v. 11), raise successors (v. 12), establish his throne forever (v. 13), he will be Yahweh's son (v. 14), Yahweh will not withdraw his love (v. 15) and his throne shall be established forever (v. 16). This is a very profound event. Though the word "covenant" is not used, it established a new covenant to supersede the covenant Yahweh made with Abraham. In fact, the covenant Yahweh made with Abraham also occurred in Taurus.
Though Auriga is described as a charioteer, the constellation shows him with a goat. In legend, Amaltheia the goat fed Jupiter with her milk on the island of Crete, where Jupiter's mother had taken him to protect him from his father. Nathan's prophecy brings a similar quality to David. David of course is Orion. In one legend, Orion was the son of Neptune and the nymph Euryale. He was of gigantic size and strength, and of great beauty. He was known for his fearlessness.
The sun is at its highest over the horizon. It is the zenith in the history of Israel. Starting in 1 Kings, Solomon succeeds David as king. Solomon was known for his wisdom, his wealth and his many wives. And most important of all, it was the time when the temple was built (1 Kings 5-8).
The sun has crossed a major divide; darkness starts to increase. Crabs walk in a zigzag path, sideways and backwards at the same time in a kind of a backsliding movement. This is a time for assessment and division. The constellation even looks like the capital letter "Y." The head of Hydra appears above the equator next to Cancer. As Hercules battled the Hydra, whenever he cut one head off, it was replaced by two. Perhaps this too symbolizes the kingdom's split.
When Solomon died, his son Rehoboam succeeded him. The people complained to him about the conscripted labor imposed by Solomon. He responded by threatening to increase their burden. A rebellion broke out which had the effect of splitting the kingdom in two. Rehaboam retained control over the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, and Jeroboam was made king over the remaining tribes in northern Israel.
Leo is usually a time of strength or it symbolizes kings. The Big Dipper lies in Leo.
Elijah was one of Israel's greatest prophets and first miracle worker. Among others, he brought a boy back to life (1 Kings 17:17-24). Made wet wood burn, consuming even the stones it was lying on (1 Kings 18:30-38). After the fire, he had 450 prophets of Baal seized and killed on the spot. When King Ahab's wife Jezebel heard what Elijah did, she ordered him killed. King Ahab and his wife Jezebel was Elijah's nemesis. Ahab was killed in battle with an arrow to his chest.
The connection between Elijah and Leo lies in the way he left earth in a chariot of fire and horses (2 Kings 1-11). The whirlwind has to do with the fact that the chariot of fire and horses is symbolized by the Big Dipper. The Big Dipper is close to the North Pole where it never sets. So it makes one complete circle each year.
11(2 Kings 2:11)
Virgo is the last constellation before the sun dips below the equator. There is one human male constellation: Bootes.
Elisha succeeded Elijah with powers almost his equal. In one miracle, he filled an empty vessel with oil (2 Kings 4:1-7). In another, he neutralized a poisonous stew (4:38-41). And another, he converted twenty loaves of barley and ears of grain into more than enough food to feed a hundred people (4:42-44). 2 Kings 4-8 covers most of his miracles. In 2 Kings 13:20-20, a dead man tossed into Elisha's grave came back to life.
Among Elisha's bloody episodes, he put King Jehu up to murdering Jezebel, the wife of Ahab. Jehu had her thrown out of a high window where her corpse was eaten by dogs (2 Kings 9:30-37). When some boys were making fun of his bald head, he sicced two she-bears on them, mauling forty-two. The constellations Ursa Major and Ursa Minor, big bear and little bear resemble those two she-bears, they straddle Virgo close enough that they could be included in the House of Virgo.
The balance symbolizes the fall equinox when days and nights are equal. It is a time for settling debts by weighing the good against the bad. As the night hours exceed the day hours, bad things start to happen.
The northern kingdom of Israel was ruled by kings who worshipped pagan gods. The last king was Ahaz who ruled for nine years before he was forced to pay tribute to the Assyrians. When he tried to renege on his tribute, the king of Assyria had him imprisoned. Israel was under siege for three years until they were captured and brought back to Assyria as slaves (2 Kings 17)
The sun is getting weaker and the air is cold, remindful of a scorpion's sting.
The kingdom of Judah had a mix of good and bad kings (2 Kings 18-24). The first exile took place under Jehoiachin by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar. He besieged Jerusalem and took Jehoiachin prisoner, along with his mother, his wives, his servants, officers, palace officials, all warriors, artisans and smiths; ten thousand captives in all. Nebuchadnezzar looted the temple, leaving no one except the poor.
At the Winter solstice on December 21, the sun enters the lowest point on the horizon. The next three days are the darkest days of the year. The scorpion's stings turn into archer's arrows. The weakened sun is going to die a violent death on the solstice. The events take place in 2 Kings 24-25.
Nebuchadnezzar installed Zedekiah as king. After eleven years he rebelled against his sponsor. So Nebuchadnezzar had his army surround Jerusalem and cut off all outside supplies. When the food had run out, the Babylonians broke through the wall and chased Zedekiah out of the city. He was captured and brought back for sentencing. His sons were slaughtered in front of him; then his eyes were put out. Every building was burnt down, including the temple, and the city walls were razed. Every citizen except for the poor were taken away. The priests and an assortment of other officials were taken and killed.
Nebuchadnezzar appointed Gedaliah as governor. Within seven months he was killed by fanatics. Out of fear, the remaining Judeans migrated to Egypt. The exile is one of the few singular events that can be confirmed by sources outside the Bible.